top of page

Claire Linturn Group

Public·10 members
Hector Tarasov
Hector Tarasov

Qin Shi Ming Yue Tian Xing Jiu Ge Episode 9


It is now well recognized that black carbon (a component of aerosols that is similar but not identical to elemental carbon) is an important contributor to global warming, second only to CO2.However, the most popular methods for estimation of black carbon rely on accurate estimates of its mass absorption efficiency (MAE) to convert optical attenuation measurements to black carbon concentrations. Often a constant manufacturer specified MAE is used for this purposes. Recent literature has unequivocally established that MAE shows large spatio-temporal heterogeneities. This is so because MAE depends on emission sources, chemical composition, and mixing state of aerosols. In this study, ambient PM2.5 samples were collected over an ecologically sensitive zone (Van Vihar National Park) in Bhopal, Central India for two years (01 January, 2012 to 31 December, 2013). Samples were collected on Teflon, Nylon, and Tissue quartz filter substrates. Punches of quartz fibre filter were analysed for organic and elemental carbon (OC/EC) by a thermal-optical-transmittance/reflectance (TOT-TOR) analyser operating with a 632 nm laser diode. Teflon filters were also used to interdependently measure PM2.5 attenuation (at 370 nm and 800 nm) by transmissometry. Site-specific mass absorption efficiency (MAE) for elemental carbon over the study site will be derived using a combination of measurements from the TOT/TOR analyser and transmissometer. An assessment of site-specific MAE values, its temporal variability and implications to black carbon radiative forcing will be discussed. It is now well recognized that black carbon (a component of aerosols that is similar but not identical to elemental carbon) is an important contributor to global warming, second only to CO2. However, the most popular methods for estimation of black carbon rely on accurate estimates of its mass absorption efficiency (MAE) to convert optical attenuation measurements to black carbon concentrations. Often a constant




Qin Shi Ming Yue Tian Xing Jiu Ge Episode 9



The effects of black carbon (BC) aerosol on climate warming have been the study focus in the recent decade, the regional effect of BC light absorption is more significant. The reduction of BC is now expected to have significant near-term climate change mitigation. Mass absorption efficient (MAE) was one of the important optical properties of BC aerosol for evaluating the BC on its radiative forcing effect, while BC mixing state is one main influencing factor for MAE. Models have estimated that BC radiative forcing can be increased by a factor of 2 for internally versus externally mixed BC. On the other hand, some organic carbon had been found to significantly absorb light at UV or shorter wavelengths in the most recent studies, with strong spectral dependence. But large uncertainties still remain in determining the positive forcing effect of BC on global clime change due to the technical limitations. In this study, advanced instrumentation (a three-wavelength photoacoustic soot spectrometer (PASS-3) and a single particle soot photometer (SP2)) were used to measure black carbon aerosol and analyze its optical properties in a megacity in South China, Shenzhen, during the summer of 2011. It is in the southeast corner of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, neighboring Hong Kong to the south. During the campaign, the average BC mass concentration was 4.03.1 μg m-3, accounting for about 11% of PM2.5 mass concentration, which mainly came from fossil fuel combustion rather than biomass burning. The MAE of BC ranged from 5.0 to 8.5 m2 g-1, with an average value of 6.50.5 m2 g-1. The percentage of internally mixed BC was averagely 24.37.9% and positively correlated with the MAE. It is estimated that the internally mixed BC amplified MAE by about 7% during the campaign, suggesting that the BC absorption enhancement due to internal mixing in the real atmosphere is relatively low in comparison with the predictions by theoretical models, which stands in accordance with


Separation of low boiling gas mixtures is widely concerned in process industries. Now their separations heavily rely upon energy-intensive cryogenic processes. Here, we report a pseudo-absorption process for separating low boiling gas mixtures near normal temperature. In this process, absorption-membrane-adsorption is integrated by suspending suitable porous ZIF material in suitable solvent and forming selectively permeable liquid membrane around ZIF particles. Green solvents like water and glycol were used to form ZIF-8 slurry and tune the permeability of liquid membrane surrounding ZIF-8 particles. We found glycol molecules form tighter membrane while water molecules form looser membrane because of the hydrophobicity of ZIF-8. When using mixing solvents composed of glycol and water, the permeability of liquid membrane becomes tunable. It is shown that ZIF-8/water slurry always manifests remarkable higher separation selectivity than solid ZIF-8 and it could be tuned to further enhance the capture of light hydrocarbons by adding suitable quantity of glycol to water. Because of its lower viscosity and higher sorption/desorption rate, tunable ZIF-8/water-glycol slurry could be readily used as liquid absorbent to separate different kinds of low boiling gas mixtures by applying a multistage separation process in one traditional absorption tower, especially for the capture of light hydrocarbons. PMID:26892255 041b061a72


About

Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...

Members

bottom of page